What is Technical Analysis

If you're familiar with trading other financial products, you know that traders tend to hold on to their positions for as long as the market moves their way. When they lose confidence in the market, they tend to reverse or close their positions quickly.

Technical analysis is the study of repeating patterns and movements in the market caused by the pattern-like behaviour of traders. Technical analysis is used to monitor the current and historical price movements of a market, help determine market trends and forecast potential entry and exit points for their trades.

Because no two traders are alike, there are hundreds of technical analysis tools and methods to choose from. Some of the most common are:

Support and Resistance Levels

Support levels are points that market prices drop to but don't frequently break through. Conversely, resistance levels are points that market prices rise to but don't frequently break through. Prices usually continue to hit these levels until they break out, forming new support and resistance levels. Tracking these levels can give you an idea of where to set stop and limit points.

Support and Resistance Levels


These display trend lines either over the recent market movements on a chart or in a separate area below the chart. Bollinger Bands, Average Directional Index (ADX) and Moving Averages are all examples of indicators. Indicators can be either lagging (analyse past market price movements) or leading (forecast future price movements) and can help you see market direction.

Bollinger Bands


A chart pattern is a series of price points that move in a particular arrangement and, once completed, forecast market movements. Some common patterns are flags, channels and triangles. You can also plot more complex patterns, such as ABCD patterns or Fibonacci levels. Charts patterns can help you see trends in the market.

Price Channels

Source: GFT