A: A trade advisory a brokerage service that not only buys and sells stocks and shares (and some also deal in CFDs) but also recommends clients on what shares should be bought and sold for the portfolio. A good advisory broker will guide you on the size of your positions and levels where to place stop losses. No doubt controlling your exposure and timing exits is as important as knowing what to buy and sell.
If you ask me if I have or whether I would use a CFD advisory broker my response would be a firm NO. For one the relationship is too easily open to abuse. This is because there is a conflict of interest between the client and the advisory broker - as the broker's business model is based on making money from commissions. Also, trade advisory services charge a considerable fee (around 0.3% to 0.5%) for each advisory trade as well so the broker may be encouraged of making too many trades on your behalf.
I haven't ever used one but a friend of mine had this to say about them 'over 30 trades in a month with only 50% success rate where they netted over 2k in commission against a trading loss of 1k (ex-commission). So it is clear to see who wins... and why some advisory brokers want to bet with your money - not theirs.'
Remember that all an advisory broker is going to do is to just you what their in house or, more likely, 3rd party analysis service has stated - a broker doesn't know how to trade any more than your granny knows how to trade. There are plenty of advisory stockbrokers around, to name some UK trade advisory services there are Montaguepitman, Galvan Research, Accendo, BlueIndex or JN Financial...etc All are white labels. For instance Blue Index and JN use CMC and Accendo use GFT. And they will charge 0.5% on the deal size! So for a margin of £100 you pay £10...10% madness before the spread is taken into account.
And be sure to steer far way from advisory brokers (bucket shops) who pressurise you in making as many trades as possible or who generally use high pressure tactics in selling you shares (such as repeat calls or urging you to try them out with a small amount or that you will miss the boat if you don't act now or try to continually persuade you in selling stocks you own and re-invest the proceeds in another). On the other hand a good advisory broker will tell you the rationale for a trade and explain you the risk-reward rationale and the expected timeframe for the trade.
Do not rely on the regulators to protect you against dubious stockbrokers. Some sharp operators slip through the cracks! My personal experience is that execution-only services are far preferable to advised sales; I have found it necessary to do my own investment management due to appalling performance of the investment service industry!
If people are interested in managing their own financial affairs, they are usually also capable and become as well informed as any financial adviser. The knowledge is all out there on the internet. The banking crisis has showed us that many experts hadn't got a clue what they were doing with complex financial instruments, and a recent report from the USA that all this could have avoided backs this up.
A: I'd say 'caveat emptor' - Which means 'let the buyer beware' - that was the first thing that I learnt when I was studying finance many years ago and I have followed that advice ever since with good results in everything I did since. This latin dictum has stood for more than 2000 years and I am sure that it shall stand for another 2000. Note that apart from entering financial agreements this rule also applies to other things like marrage, so beware -:)
Nowhere is the maxim 'caveat emptor' as important as when trusting your money in the hands of financial institutions and money managers. Financial institutions will always make money for they charge you an entry fee to join a fund, an exit fee to leave and substantial yearly fees so they always win whilst often gambling with your money. In studies in America it was found that there are very few financial managers who have a consistent successful record and that the majority are as good as letting a monkey do the investment or perhaps seeking the opinion of that famous world cup results guessing octopus.
Many like me have had dozens of totally unethical importuning phone calls from their banks encouraging them to invest their hard earned savings in one of their aladdin lamp genie schemes. Thankfully I am savvy enough about finance to recognise immediately that most of these so called investment advisors doing the bidding and their plans were no better than monkey setups. Unfortunately I know many colleagues who got badly burnt. If you put money in a scheme at least make sure you get watertight written guarantees on the security of your capital.
A: In the past investments funds have been restricted from investing in derivatives but the introduction of the Undertakings for Collective Investments in Transferable Securities (UCITS iii) directive (passed in the European Parliament) has provided fund managers with more room to take advantage of these powerful instruments. The main distinction between hedge funds and Ucits vehicles is the restriction on shorting in Ucits funds, which means managers have to mirror such positions using CFDs.
Today, quite a few aggressive investment funds looking to profit from the volatility or short-term trading opportunities use contracts for difference as a trading tool. Other funds, especially in the current market turmoil have lately been making use of short selling to eliminate as much market exposure from their portfolio and preserve their investors' capital. These funds known as 'Absolute return funds' allow managers to make use of derivatives in their porfolios and aim to provide positive returns in both rising and falling markets.
It is worth noting that fund managers in Absolute return funds can invest in shares, bonds, foreign exchange, equity indices, metals, agriculture contracts, interest rates, energy and even multi-asset funds or a combination of these assets in a local or global scale. These funds are subject to a maximum 200% leverage and have to adhere to the 5/10/40 rule, under which no single asset can represent over 10% of net asset value and the total number of holdings exceeding 5% cannot add up to more than 40%.Colin Harte, who runs the Barings Absolute Return Global Bond fund was quoted to say - 'Going long or short duration government gilts by up to eight years is a macro-driven decision, and the Treasury is hardly like to take offence at a manager's long-term view of the effects of quantitative easing on monetary policy'.
One of the funds which have been especially making use of the facility to sell short is BlackRock UK Absolute Alpha, which fund was launched in 2005 and aims to achieve positive returns in all market conditions. The BlackRock UK Absolute Alpha fund benefited from being the first Absolute Alpha fund in the UK retail market and is targeted to investors who are able to tolerate a medium degree of risk. Other market entrants include Argonaut, Gartmore, Cazenove, Liontrust, SVM and Odey and GAM while companies including GLG, Brevan Howard and Man Group all have similar offerings either in the market or expected for launch in due course. Even other funds like the 130/30 fund (example: Resolution International Cartesian UK Equity 130/30) maintain a net 100 per cent exposure to the market, but can go up to a 130 per cent on the long side while holding up to 30 per cent of the portfolio in shorts. This allows the fund manager more flexibility in that he’s able to gear his favoured stocks while short selling securities which he believes are likely to fall in value. This doesn't mean that these funds are fail proof. A problem of Absolute return funds is that whilst tending to do well in an underperforming market, they tend to underperform in major market rallies. Not to mention that Absolute return funds often come with higher fees than other traditional 'long only' funds.
Another innovative offering using CFDs is the 'Skandia UK Strategic Best Ideas' fund which offers a long-short portfolio managed by ten top investment managers who each select ten UK shares and up to five of these can be short positions. The selections are then combined into a 100 stock portfolio.
Other managed funds use borrowed money to invest. Investors contribute to their portfolio on a monthly basis, and an additional amount is added from a margin loan facility to increase the overall size of the investment. These geared funds typically match every $1 of the investor's money with $1 of borrowed money, which implies bigger gains in good times and heavier falls in the bad times. Over the long term they can still perform well.
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